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The Validity of Cause and Effect

Derek Hart

An open and frank discussion of psychology at this time would necessarily include elements of cause and effect. It is my belief that cause and effect was a legitimate step in the evolution of psychology.

However, with the new discoveries and understandings being made in quantum physics, it has now become time to break away from the intensely limiting and overly complicated concept of cause and effect. We must consider cause and effect to be a rung on the ladder of our understanding of the natural world.

In order to proceed up the ladder we must, therefore, step on cause and effect and leave it below us. To start going about this, we need to understand a few things about quantum physics.

Physics proceeds on the fact that the world as we know it is made up of four basic "elements" or phenomenon. These four "elements" are energy, space, mass, and time. All things at this level of existence have one or all of these things in common. That is to say they possess energy, take up space, consist of mass, and exist in time. Now, Albert Einstein proved with his special theory of relativity that these four "elements" are also associated or related to each other. Energy equals mass times the speed of light squared or more famously: E=mc2.

Now we come to the more recent discoveries in the world of quantum physics. The entire physical universe is made of atoms of different elements. At the sub-atomic level of physical reality, our world takes on characteristics that defy our common-sense notions. On this level, everything is made of the same thing. The concept of location and position lose their significance. We know this from the work of physicist David Bohm.

Bohm suggests at the sub-atomic level of reality, all things are made of the same fundamental something and furthermore, it is meaningless to consider one group of sub-atomic particles without considering it's practically infinite number of connections with other sub-atomic particles. Bohm speculates that like a television set is a two-dimensional projection of our three-dimensional reality, our three-dimensional reality is also a projection of a multi-dimensional reality where concepts of time break down.

Today's quantum physics is also producing discoveries that undermine our definitions of reality. In 1982, the Aspect experiment took quantum physics into the new millennium a little early. The experiment proved, without a doubt, the validity of quantum theory. As of 1982, one of the following two propositions must be considered fact. Either objective reality does not exist beyond the mind of an observer, or faster-than-light communication through space and time possible. This is not science fiction. One of the above propositions must be considered fact. A world of possibilities for the human organism opens as a result of these new understandings.

I have already stated that every physical object is composed of atoms. Thus, there is no fundamental difference between the atoms of my body and the atoms in my chair. They differ in composition but not in kind. Our bodies, when thought of as composed of the same thing as the rest of the universe, cannot be separated from the rest of the universe. So what is it about us that makes us different from and aware of the rest of the universe? The answer is consciousness, our minds. The mind at this time is dependant upon the physical brain because our awareness of self, our consciousness, is emersed within a physical body. The mind must be thought of as existing beyond this three-dimensional plane. Remember the Aspect experiment? The mind is the means by which faster than light communication can occur. More on this later. Thus, the mind is dependant upon and immersed within the flesh, but is fundamentally different from the flesh.

In order to return to our discussion of cause and effect, it is necessary to include the phenomenon of time. Cause and effect implies a linear relationship. A cause must precede an effect. Cause and effect is a two-dimensional relationship. It works in the physical world, but not the mental. No certain correlations can be made. What is more, physicists understand that time is not a linear concept at all. We perceive time as linear because we exist within a physical body. In reality, time is a basic constituent of the universe, and like the universe, time expands outward in all directions. The universe can be seen as a massive enfolding and unfolding of energy, space, mass, and time. The true nature of time deals a fatal blow to cause and effect physics and psychology. There is no need to further limit ourselves to a linear concept when the nature of our existence is, in fact, non-linear and infinite.

We must now turn our attention back to Nature. For some reason, humans have been reluctant to admit their connections to Nature. With this new understanding, the brain itself, the seat of consciousness, is seen as being infinitely inter-connected with the rest of the universe. The universe is natural. Therefore, the brain is infinitely inter-connected with all other nature. If my brain is infinitely inter-connected to every other brain on this planet, then, is there any reason why phenomenon such as telepathy and clairvoyance cannot exist? There is no reason. As I said before, phenomenon thought to be exclusively the domain of the supernatural and the mystical will turn out to be natural processes we do not know about yet. Telepathy is natural. Clairvoyance is natural. Think of the possibilities for psychology with this new understanding. Whole new worlds of perception are available to us now. This is the message inherent within the world of quantum physics:

Nature is supernatural !