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RgVeda Interpretation

by Poorna Pragnya

  1. Vedas are Samhithas (Compilement). It has been compiled by the Maharshi Vyasa in 10 different Mandalas (Chapters) or in 8 different Ashtakas (Divisions).
  2. Some of the Mandalas (Chapters) belong to a single sage or to the family of the sage (HENCE FORTH WE CALL THEM AS COMPLETE MANDALAS) and in other mandalas the sukthas (passages) belonging to the different sages were compiled. This means, by the time of the compilement of the Vedas itself the knowledge that should be in COMPLETE MANDALAS (Chapters) IN ALL SAGE NAMES has lost. Only few sages have the complete mandalas accredited to them and in case of other sages there are only few Riks or Mantras or lines
  3. The analysis of the Veda should start with those Mandalas that were completely in the name of a Single Sage and once the Subject matter of the Complete mandalas is known with certainty then this subject matter can be compared with the other passages or suktas credited to other sages, which are not complete, to assess the over all subject matter of the Veda. (of course all the interpreters did the interpretation in a different way)
  4. The language of the Veda is the Same Sanskrit as used in the conversation. But the connotation of the words in the Vedic Context will change. Why? Language has wide applications. Every word of every language mean contextually different. Let us consider English language and the word "mass." In Physics, the word "mass" would mean "weight." In Journalism, as an adjective, the same word "mass" includes television, radio and the print media.
  5. There are certain Guide Lines to interpret, analyze, and understand the Rig Veda. (These are the rules existing from the time of the First Compliment of The Veda, (first cited by Maharshi Kathyana, but coming from the time of Maharshi Sakatayna, the Sarvanukramnikakara, the author of the indecices of Vedas) and Maharshi Yaska quoted these rules in his Nirukta, but he never used them in the true sense. Other scholars thought that these rules are propagating the DHATHU VADA or the origin of language from base sounds, the origin of the Language.) They are,
    • a. The whole Language of the Vedas is to be understood from the perspective of the Roots of the Words, and from the process of the word formation,
    • b. If the Root structure of the word is not clear then the word should be split in two parts and for each part the root structure is to be derived to give the meaning to the word,
    • c. If the word cannot be split in to two then the meaning of the word should be derived from the Root similarity,
    • d. Or the meaning can be derived from the similarity of the Letters,
    • e. In any given context of meaning deriving the total meaning of the Suktha (passage) is to be considered,(contextually different meanings are not to be given)
    • f. Cases have no importance, the cases are to be adjusted according to the meaning of the Sukthas Vedic Passages, (nominative, accusative, dative, possessive, etc ..)
    But none of the commentators or interpreters never ever tried to use these guide lines to decide the Subject matter of the Veda.
  6. Commentary ALWAYS REFLECTS the mental perfection of the interpreter.Unless the interpreter is at the same evolved stage as that of the Sage who visualized the truth, interpreter or commentator cannot understand the meaning of a rik or suktha, leave alone the commenting of the Veda. So the Basic Qualification to write the meaning of the Veda is the Seer hood or Sage hood. Sage or Seer is the Self realized person who visualized the truth of the Cosmic Evolution in the light of Self realization.