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Vedas, An Overview

Primary or Classic Vedas consist of invocations to the One Divine and the divinities of nature, such as the Sun, the Rain, the Wind, the Fire and the Dawn - as well as prayers for matrimony, progeny, prosperity, concord, domestic rites, formulas for magic, and more. They are composed in beautiful metrical verses, generally of three or four lines.
Rg-Veda
The heart of the entire Veda with 10,552 verses.
Rg-Veda Interpretation (Poorna Pragnya)
Sama-Veda
Mainly liturgical selections from the Rg-Veda arranged for melodious chanting, apr. 2000 verses
Yajur-Veda
as Sama-Veda, but for cadenced intonation, apr. 2000 verses
Atharva-Veda
Nearly 6,000 verses of prayers, charms and rites are unique

Besides its Samhita, each Veda includes one or two Brahmanas, ceremonial handbooks, and Aranyakas, ritual interpretations, plus many inestimable Upanishads, metaphysical dialogs. In all there are over 100,000 Vedic verses, and some prose, in dozens of texts.

The Vedangas and Upavedas are collections of texts that augment and apply the Vedas as a comprehensive system of sacred living.

Jyotisha Vedanga
delineates auspicious timing for holy rites.
look at astrology and Jai Maharaj's texts
Kalpa Vedanga defines
public rituals in the Srauta and Sulba sutras,
domestic rites in the Grihya Sutras and
religious law in the Dharma Sastras.
Four other Vedangas ensure the purity of mantra recitation, through knowledge of phonetics, grammar, poetry and the way of words.

The Upavedas expound profound sciences:

  • Artha-Veda unfolds statecraft
  • Ayur-Veda sets forth medicine and health
  • Dhanur-Veda discusses military science
  • Gandharva-Veda illumines music and the arts
  • Sthapatya-Veda explains architecture

In addition, the Kama Sutras detail erotic pleasures. The Agamas, too, have ancillary texts, such as the Upagamas and Paddhatis, which elaborate the ancient wisdom.

The Epics maybe the Mahabharata and Ramayana as the two main classics.

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